Crops Technical

India is the second largest producer of Fruits after China. 68.47 Million Tons of Fruits during the year 2008 -09

  • Fruits and Vegetables occupy about 65% of area under cultivation
  • 5% of National GDP comes from Horticulture out of overall Agricultural GDP of 18%
  • The vision 2015 document released by Ministry of Food Processing in 2005 envisages trebling the size of the processed food sector by 2015.
  • The important fruits in the Indian context are – Mango, Banana, Pomegranate, Grape, Sweet Orange, Guava, Papaya, Litchi, Apples, Pineapple and sapota.
  • The National Horticulture Mission was launched in May 2005 aimed at to double horticulture production and gives various incentives for promotion www.nhm.gov.in

India is one of the major producer and exporters of nuts in the world. Among nuts, it is the largest producer of raw cashew and exporter of cashew nuts. India has produced 0.613 Million Tons of cashew nuts 2009 – 10 (Source: Directorate of cashew nut and cocoa development , GOI)

  • The total area under cashew cultivation is 0.923 Million Ha (2009 – 10)
  • The important nuts in the Indian context are – Cashews and Walnuts
  • Directorate of Cashew and Cocoa development responsible for development of Cashews in different states in the country and knowledge promotion of cashew across the world (http://dacnet.nic.in/cashewcocoa/dccd.htm)
  • The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPC) was established by the Government of India, with the active cooperation of the cashew industry with the object of promoting exports of cashew kernels. By its very set up, the Council provides the necessary institutional frame-work for performing the different functions that serve to intensify and promote exports of cashew kernels and provides the necessary liaison for bringing together foreign importers with member exporters of cashew kernels (www.cashewindia.org/)
  • eFresh’s objective -The information on India’s leading position in Nuts, will facilitate the Indian farmers and other stakeholders for focusing on the increased activity in Nuts production.

India is largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices in the world. India has produced 4.66 Million Tons of spices during the year 2006 – 07 (Source: Spice Board, GOI).

  • Spices exports Cross Rs 10K cr mark
  • The total area under spice cultivation was 2.64 Million Ha (2006 – 07).
  • The important Spices in the Indian context are – Chilies, Cardamom, Ginger, Turmeric and Saffron.
  • Spice board, under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, GOI is responsible for Development of Indian Spices in different States in the Country and Knowledge promotion of Indian Spices across the world (www.indianspices.com/)
  • eFresh’s objective -The information on India’s leading position in Spices, will facilitate the Indian farmers and other stakeholders for focusing on the increased activity in spice production.

India is the second largest producer of vegetables after China. It has produced 129 Million Tons of Vegetables year 2008-09

  • Fruits and Vegetables occupy about 65% of area under cultivation
  • 5% of National GDP comes from Horticulture out of overall Agricultural GDP of 18%
  • The vision 2015 document released by Ministry of Food Processing in 2005 envisages trebling the size of the processed food sector by 2015.
  • The important vegetable in the Indian context are – Potato, Tomato, Carrot, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Guards, Bhendi, Onion, Peas, Radish, Beet root, and other leafy vegetables
  • With 180 Million Ha of arable land (one tenth of the world), 56 Million Ha of Irrigated land, its diverse agro climatic conditions and the thrust given by the National horticulture mission favor India to become the global food factory of the world.
  • eFresh’s objective -The information on India’s leading position in vegetables, will facilitate the Indian farmers and other stakeholders for focusing on the increased activity in vegetables production.

India is the world’s largest Pulse Producing country and produces around 27 – 28 % of global pulses. However, Production remains static since independence i.e., during 1950 -51 it has produced 8.41 Million Tons and in the year 2007-08 its production was 14.76 Million Tons (Source: Planning Commission, GOI)

  • The total area under pulses cultivation has been increased from 19.09 Million Ha (1950 -51) to 23.63 Million Ha (2007 – 08).
  • The important Pulses in the Indian context are – Red gram, Bengal gram, and other minor pulses
  • The National Food Security Mission was launched in May 2007 aimed at to produce 2 more Million Tons by the end of eleventh plan and gives various incentives for promotion (www.nfsm.gov.in)
  • Directorate of Pulses Development, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Directorate of Agriculture & Corporation (DAC) was established at Lucknow in 1971 and subsequently shifted to Bhopal (M.P.) in 1996. The National Head Quarter of Pulses Development is responsible for monitoring the pulses development scheme in 437 districts of 14 States in the Country (www.dacnet.nic.in/pulses)
  • With 180 Million Ha of arable land (one tenth of the world), 56 Million Ha of Irrigated land, its diverse agro climatic conditions and the thrust given by the National Food Security Mission and Directorate of Pulse Development will favor India to become the global food factory of the world.
  • eFresh’s objective -The information on India’s leading position in Pulses, will facilitate the Indian farmers and other stakeholders for focusing on the increased activity in pulse production.
    • India is the world’s second largest producer of Rice, Wheat and other food grains. We have achieved remarkable production since independence i.e., 39.25 Million Tons (1950 -51) to 213.32 Million Tons (2007 – 08) (Source: Planning Commission, GOI).
    • The total area under Cereals cultivation has been increased from 71.42 Million Ha (1950 -51) to 98.00 Million Ha (2007 – 08).
    • The important Cereals in the Indian context are – Wheat, Paddy, Sorghum, Bajra, Barley, and Maize.
  • The National Food Security Mission was launched in May 2007 aimed at to produce 10 more Million Tons of Rice and 8 more Million Tons of Wheat by the end of eleventh plan and gives various incentives for promotion (www.nfsm.gov.in).
  • The Directorate of Rice, Wheat and millets Development, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. of Agriculture & Co-Operation, Govt. of India is responsible for monitor and popularize the latest high yielding varieties in various states of the country along with the latest improved production technology evolved by the Agriculture Scientist (http://dacnet.nic.in/Rice/Wheat/Millets).
  • With 180 Million Ha of arable land (one tenth of the world), 56 Million Ha of Irrigated land, its diverse agro climatic conditions and the thrust given by the National Food Security Mission and Directorate of Pulse Development will favor India to become the global food factory of the world.
  • eFresh’s objective – The information on India’s leading position in Cereals, will facilitate the Indian farmers and other stakeholders for focusing on the increased activity in Cereals production.
  • Export Statistics of Cereals Production Click Here
  • SRI: A Potential Water Saving Technology for Rice FarmersClick Here

NEWS

  • Managing the Pests of oil seeds crops in an eco-friendly manner Click Here
  • India is one of the world’s major Fiber Crops producing country. Among the Fiber Crops Cotton is called King of apparel fibers due to its wear quality. India is the third in production of cotton after China and USA. Cottons production has been drastically increased from 3.04 million Tons (1950 -51) to 25.81 Million Tons (2007 -08) (Source: Planning Commission, GOI).
  • The total area under cotton cultivation has been increased from 5.88 Million Ha (1950 -51) to 9.43 Million Ha (2007 – 08).
  • The important Fibers in the Indian context are – Cotton, Jute and mesta.
  • Directorate of Cotton Development, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Directorate of Agriculture & Corporation (DAC) head quartered at Mumbai is responsible for monitoring the cotton development scheme in different States in the Country (www.dacnet.nic.in/cotton/)
  • eFresh’s objective – The information on India’s leading position in Fibers especially in cotton, will facilitate the Indian farmers and other stakeholders for focusing on the increased activity in cotton production.

This Section of the Portal covers the crops mainly under Fruits, Nuts, Spices, Vegetables, Pulses, Cereals and Oilseeds.

  • It provides information on the life cycle of the crops which includes information on Package of Practices, Varieties, Harvesting windows, Production and marketing Centers, Plant Protection Chemicals, Quality Standards, Crop Specific Tools and Machinery, Micro irrigation and Do’s and Don’ts.
  • We have used experts in the relevant subjects in the compilation of the information and eventual reviewing the information by another expert and will be on the constant endeavor in updating the information as and when needed.
  • eFresh Objective – Adoption of best practices by using the relevant information in the portal will enhance and ensures sustainability, the commercial viability of agriculture and making the availability of quality and safe food to the consumers.

CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF CROPS:

The crops selection for the portal based on their position in terms of

ECONOMIC

  • Economic importance
  • Returns to the farmer
  • Value addition

COMMERCIAL

  • Availability of the commodity
  • Export potential
  • India’s trade advantage

OTHER

  • Status in world production
  • Institutionalized support mechanisms