PROFILE OF MIZORAM IN AGRICULTURE
Mizoram
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State Mizoram
Area 22,429 sq.km
Capital Shillong
Population 23,18,822 ( 2001 Census)
Principal Languages Khasi, Garo and English
Main Agricultural and Horticulture Crops
  1. Major Crops : Rice, Ragi, Maize, Wheat, Redgram, Niger.
  2. Fruits : Litchi, mango, guava, strawberry, sapota, custard apple, jackfruit, papaya, bael.. 
Hectares
  1. The main horticulture crops are fruits including mandarin, orange, banana, passion fruit, grapes, pineapple and papaya .
  2. Spices such as ginger, turmeric and pepper are gaining popularity
  3. Rice, maize, pulses, oil seeds and potato are major filed crops. The state is not self sufficient in rice although it is the principle crop.
  4. 21 lac hectares available for cultivation and out of these , 6.3 lac hectares is suitable for horticulture crops. Yet barely 4,000 hectares are under cultivation.
  5. Agriculture: About 80 per cent of the people of Mizoram are engaged in agricultural pursuits. The main pattern of agriculture followed is Jhum or Shifting cultivation. Of the total 21 lakh ha. of land estimated, 6.30 lakh hectares of land is available for cultivation of horticulture crops. The existing area under different horticulture crops account for about 4127.6 hectares, which is only 6.55 per cent of the estimated potential area. This indicates the vast scope for horticulture crops to flourish in Mizoram. The main horticulture crops are fruit crops viz. Mandarin Orange, Banana, Passion Fruit, Grapes, Hatkora, Pineapple, Papaya, etc., and flowers like Anthurium, Bird of Paradise, Orchid, Chrysanthemum, Rose and other subsidiary seasonal flowers. Spices like Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper and Bird’s eye Chillies are also grown. People have also started extensive cultivation of oilpalm, medicinal and aromatic plants.
  6. Irrigation: The ultimate surface irrigation potential is estimated at 70,000 hectares of which 45,000 hectares is under flow and 25,000 hectares by construction and completing 70 pucca minor irrigation projects and six lift irrigation projects for raising double and triple crops in a year.
Hectares
  1. 21 lac Hectares

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