Main Agricultural and Horticulture Crops
- Major Crops : Rice, Ragi, Maize, Wheat, Redgram, Niger.
- Fruits : Litchi, mango, guava, strawberry, sapota,
custard apple, jackfruit, papaya, bael..
- The main horticulture crops are fruits including mandarin,
orange, banana, passion fruit, grapes, pineapple and papaya .
- Spices such as ginger, turmeric and pepper are gaining
- Rice, maize, pulses, oil seeds and potato are major
filed crops. The state is not self sufficient in rice although it is the principle
- 21 lac hectares available for cultivation and out of
these , 6.3 lac hectares is suitable for horticulture crops. Yet barely 4,000 hectares
are under cultivation.
- Agriculture: About 80
per cent of the people of Mizoram are engaged in agricultural pursuits. The main
pattern of agriculture followed is Jhum or Shifting cultivation. Of the total 21
lakh ha. of land estimated, 6.30 lakh hectares of land is available for cultivation
of horticulture crops. The existing area under different horticulture crops account
for about 4127.6 hectares, which is only 6.55 per cent of the estimated potential
area. This indicates the vast scope for horticulture crops to flourish in Mizoram.
The main horticulture crops are fruit crops viz. Mandarin Orange, Banana, Passion
Fruit, Grapes, Hatkora, Pineapple, Papaya, etc., and flowers like Anthurium, Bird
of Paradise, Orchid, Chrysanthemum, Rose and other subsidiary seasonal flowers.
Spices like Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper and Bird’s eye Chillies are also grown.
People have also started extensive cultivation of oilpalm, medicinal and aromatic
- Irrigation: The ultimate
surface irrigation potential is estimated at 70,000 hectares of which 45,000 hectares
is under flow and 25,000 hectares by construction and completing 70 pucca minor
irrigation projects and six lift irrigation projects for raising double and triple
crops in a year.