- Pomegranate( Punica granatum L) locally called as Dalimba belongs to the smallest
botanical family, Punicaceae. Its origin is Iran where it is grown from last 2000
years back. It is also grown in Spain, Igypt, Afganisthan, Morocco, Baluchisthan,
Pakistan, Iraq, China, Japan, America, Russia, India. But the original place according
to ancient people is Kandhar in Afganisthan. It is cultivated mostly in Maharashtra
and Dholka in Gujarat, Karnataka, A.P. and to a limited extent in U.P.
- Before the implemantation of Rozgar Hami Yojana, in 1989-90 the area under the Pomegranate
cultivation in Maharashtra was 7700 ha. The major cultivation is mainly in Nashik,
Solapur, Ahmednagar, Pune, Sangli, Dhule, Satara districts. But today the cultivation
is increased up to 73027 ha. area in Maharashtra, out of which 41000 ha. is under
actual production, with 410000 metric tonne production and Rs. 328 crores market
Major pomegranate producing areas in India
- It grows all over India, but thrives best in places with a hot dry summer, provided
irrigation is available. In the areas where winter is too cold, the tree is deciduous.
But in plains it is evergreen. Severe cold climate in winter helps to better fruit
quality. Slight change in atmosphere does not affect the fruit yield. But more clear
sunlight and dry climate from flowering to fruitsetting leads to increase in sweetness
of the fruits. In humid weather, the quality of fruit is not good. It can stand
considerable frost and grows up to an altitude of 1,600 metres. The crop is widely
popular in the low rainfall areas, where irrigation is available.
Nutrient value of pomegranate
Package of Practices - Crop Cultivation